04BUCHAREST3445 / 2004-12-15 16:29:00
Embassy Bucharest
                UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 BUCHAREST 003445 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
Ref: State 245841 
1.  Post's submission in "Patterns format," updating last 
year's "Patterns of Global Terrorism" report (reftel) 
Romania is a staunch ally of the United States in the global 
war against terrorism, providing full public and diplomatic 
support for US goals to counter terrorism.  In 2004, about 
1,200 Romanian troops served at any one time in Iraq and 
Afghanistan, and Romania has promised to maintain its 
commitment of troops through mid-2005.  Romania has made its 
airspace, ground infrastructure, and naval facilities 
available to US and NATO forces engaged in the global war 
against terrorism and senior government leaders have 
promised to continue to do so in the future. 
The Romanian Government has established internal mechanisms 
to combat terrorism, including adoption of a "National Anti- 
Terrorism Strategy" and guidelines to prevent the use of the 
Romanian financial and banking system for the purpose of 
financing terrorist acts.   As part of its national 
strategy, Romania adopted legislation in 2004 that 
delineates the responsibilities of Romanian government 
institutions in battling terrorism, providing a clearer 
framework for interagency coordination and cooperation. 
Bucharest is the site of the Southeast European Cooperation 
Initiative, a regional center that provides law enforcement 
training and intelligence sharing on transborder criminal 
activities, including terrorism, for 12 member countries in 
Southeastern and Central Europe. 
Romania has fully ratified all 12 UN counter terrorism 
Romania has adopted adequate legislation to address 
financial crimes and terrorist financing.  Nevertheless, its 
strategic location bordering Ukraine, Moldova and Serbia 
makes Romania vulnerable to money laundering and other 
financial crimes that potentially finance terrorist 
organizations.  Romania's weaknesses include the lack of 
timely reporting of suspicious transactions and other 
evidence of criminal activity by Romanian banks and 
insufficient resources (funds and personnel) directed by the 
Romanian government to prosecuting financial crimes. 
2. In the following addendum, post includes relevant 
developments during 2004, which demonstrate Romania's 
commitment to battling terrorism: 
- Romania adopted on November 25 Law 525, a "Law for 
Preventing and Fighting Terrorism," as part of its National 
Anti-terrorism Strategy.  The law delineates the 
responsibilities of Romanian government institutions in 
battling terrorism, providing a clearer framework for 
interagency coordination and cooperation.  The legislation 
also aims to provide a unified juridical approach to 
terrorist activities, including establishment of clear 
definitions of terrorist activities. 
This law provides for a special procedure to authorize 
electronic interceptions for threats against national 
security, including terrorist acts.  Governmental 
institutions with competence in the field of national 
security must forward a written request for authorization to 
the General Prosecutor of Romania.  If the request is found 
to be justified, the General Prosecutor submits it to the 
President of the High Court of Cassation and Justice. The 
final decision is made in chambers by a group of specially 
designated judges, after a careful analysis.  The warrant 
cannot exceed 6 months, but it may be extended several times 
for 3 months in justified situations.  The extension must 
also be decided by special judges designated by the 
president of the High Court of Cassation and Justice. 
The law also provides that in exceptional circumstances 
(when a present and clear danger to the national security 
occurs) governmental institutions may begin to intercept 
communications without the proper warrant issued by the 
judiciary.  The request for authorization must be submitted 
within a maximum of 48 hours from the commencement of the 
- The GOR approved a list of persons and companies suspected 
of engagement in terrorist financing, citing 90 persons and 
40 companies engaged in terrorist financing.  In November, 
the GOR asked parliament to enact a draft "Law on Fighting 
Against Money Laundering and Terrorism."  This proposed 
legislation includes substantive and technical measures 
aimed at fighting terrorist financing by tightening anti- 
money laundering legislation. 
- In June of 2004, the GOR responded to criticism of its 
National Office for the Combating and Prevention of Money 
Laundering (Romania's Financial Investigation Unit or FIU) 
by replacing its management.  The new management has taken 
aggressive action to increase the efficiency and security of 
the office and to improve its relationship with law 
enforcement institutions, other FIUs, and the banking 
industry.  Reforms have included new procedures and time 
limits for analyzing and reporting suspicious transactions. 
- On November 23, 2004, legislation (Law 508) went into 
effect that reorganizes police and prosecutorial resources 
into a directorate under the authority of the prosecutor 
general for the investigation of organized crime and 
terrorism.  The directorate is authorized to create a 
database from which it can develop proactive investigations 
of offenses within its jurisdiction. 
- The GOR has ratified the 1997 UN "Convention for the 
Suppression of Terrorist Bombings".  Romania has now 
ratified all 12 UN anti-terror conventions. 
- The GOR has enacted legislation ratifying the Protocol 
amending the European Convention for Suppressing Terrorism, 
enacted in Strasbourg on May 15, 2003.  The Protocol 
concerns penal measures aimed at fighting terrorism, 
including definition of crimes, establishment of sentencing 
guidelines and definition of extradition rules. 
- The GOR modified the Penal Code to contain a new, distinct 
chapter titled "Crimes and Terrorist Acts" which 
specifically penalizes terrorist-related crimes, such as 
terror killing, threats, and financing of terrorist acts. 

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