05BUCHAREST229 / 2005-01-25 15:26:00
Embassy Bucharest
                C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 BUCHAREST 000229 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR EUR/NCE - WILLIAM SILKWORTH 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/25/2015 
TAGS: MARR, MASS, PGOV, PREL, RS, RO, NATO 
SUBJECT: TEXT OF ROMANIA'S "INTEGRATED APPROACH" PROPOSAL 
FOR BLACK SEA REGION SECURITY COOPERATION 
 
REF: BUCHAREST 212 
 
Classified By: POLITICAL SECTION CHIEF ROBERT GILCHRIST FOR REASONS 1.4 
 A, B AND D 
 
1.  (C) The Foreign Ministry delivered to Embassy officers 
January 19 an outline classified by the Romanians as 
"confidential" and titled "A Basis for an Integrated Approach 
for Security Cooperation in the Black Sea Region. Building 
Synergy Among Various Initiatives."  Post reproduces below 
the text of this outline.  As discussed in reftel, the 
Romanians view the proposal as a basis for further 
consultation with U.S. on coordination on Black Sea security. 
 
2.  (C) BEGIN TEXT OF OUTLINE: 
 
Basis for an Integrated Approach for Security Cooperation in 
the Black Sea Region. 
 
Building synergy among various initiatives 
 
-1. Principles: 
 
-Enhancing regional security is part of a wider effort to 
consolidate stability and democracy, as well as to ensure 
economic development in the Black Sea region and to anchor it 
to the Euro-Atlantic community. 
 
-The variety of security risks and their cross-border nature 
require combined actions on the following dimensions: 
maritime, air, land security, border security and civil 
emergency planning. 
 
-While the security in the Black Sea region is a 
responsibility of the littoral states, cooperation with and 
involvement of other international organizations, in 
particular NATO, can optimize the existing regional 
cooperation efforts. 
 
Several arguments support this approach: 
 
The trans-national character of the risks in the Black Sea; 
The main targets of the illegal activities in the Black Sea 
are our allies in the Western Europe, not only the riparian 
states, and therefore, we cannot exclude cooperation with 
them in support of Black Sea security; 
 
The inclusive approach we all three have claimed, as non-EU 
members, from the ESOP development should be applied to the 
Black Sea security, indivisibly linked to the Euro-Atlantic 
security. 
 
-Security cooperation in the Black Sea region should be 
construed in such a manner that would benefit all regional 
states ("win-win solution"); 
 
-Any initiative aimed at strengthening security in the Black 
Sea region has to be pursued in full observance with 
international law and national legislation. 
 
-2. Components of an integrated approach we could explore: 
 
--Political dimension: 
 
-Enhancing political debates in NATO on the security 
situation in the Black Se region. The developments in 
Georgia, Ukraine, and R. Moldova are discussed in NATO but an 
integrated debate could be useful in streamlining NATO ties 
with its Partners in the Black Sea region; 
 
-Building awareness and interest for the Black Sea security 
issues in NATO ("a Black Sea caucus"); 
 
-Developing NATO individual political dialogue with the 
Partners in the Black Sea region. The Individual Partnership 
Action Plans offer a very good framework in this regard; 
 
-Generating debate on the Black Sea region in the NATO 
Parliamentary Assembly which can be a link for the 
parliaments in the Partner countries. 
 
-Building awareness on the Black Sea region through public 
diplomacy instruments (joint events, seminars, etc.) 
 
--Operational dimension: 
 
a) Maritime Security: 
 
-- An integrated project for the Black Sea could be explored 
in the following manner: 
 
- A Black Sea Task Force of the three NATO allies, built upon 
Turkey's operation Black Sea Harmony, and connected with NATO 
command and information exchange structures. 
 
The mission of this Task Force would be to help complete data 
regarding the naval situation in the Black Sea (Recognized 
Maritime Picture) and potentially 
to ensure escort for commercial vessels. 
 
Non-Black Sea allies could be invited to patrol with the 
Black Sea Task Force within the limitations of the Montreux 
Convention; this would help alleviate the costs of the Black 
Sea Task Force for the three Black Sea allies. 
 
The Task Force could be under Turkey's lead, but connected to 
NATO command structure and exchanging information with OAE; 
 
We should study the Gibraltar Task Force of OAE, comprising 
almost exclusively Portuguese and Spanish military vessels, 
which operate under NATO umbrella escorting ships through 
Gibraltar Straits. It could be an example for a possible 
future NATO mission of the Black Sea Task Force. 
 
The Task Force can be supported by the Blackseafor through a 
mechanism of information exchange to be established, based 
upon a memorandum of understanding among the littoral states; 
 
The Task Force can interact with Blackseafor during its 
activations. 
 
-NATO: 
 
Information exchange and command support for the Black Sea 
Task Force; 
 
Joint patrolling by non-Black Sea allies with the Black Sea 
Task Force, in accordance with the Montreux Convention. 
 
Possibility to develop a NATO operation in the Black Sea in 
the future, by taking over the Black Sea Task Force. 
 
BLACKSEAFOR would develop its role in preventing terrorism 
and WMD trafficking within the scope of the current 
Agreement, through: 
 
-enhancing information exchange among the participating 
states and with the Black Sea Task Force; 
 
-organizing thematic exercises and training, including with 
participation NATO or allied states; 
 
-"consequence management" missions, which can also support 
the Black Sea Initiative on civil defense. A possible 
collaboration of Blackseafor with EADRCC could be explored. 
 
-elaboration of common, inter-operable concepts, techniques 
and specific anti-terrorism procedures. NATO experience and 
the PAP - T could be used as reference. 
 
Accepting NATO allies as observers to the Blackseafor. 
 
Participation aside the Black Sea Task Force during 
Blackseafor activations. 
 
Openness and connection with a NATO role in the Black Sea is 
an essential aspect of developing Blackseafor role in 
preventing terrorism. 
 
b) Land and air security: BLACK SEA REGIONAL COOPERATION - 
the possibility of creating and operating a Joint Interagency 
Task Force (JIATF) 
 
-A JIATF for the Black Sea (JIATF-Black Sea) region, 
integrating law enforcement, customs and defense assets of 
the participating countries could be useful for a 
comprehensive response to illegal activities in the Black Sea 
region. 
 
-The JIATF used by the United States in Key West, Florida, 
could be a good model to depart from and should be carefully 
considered by the BSEC countries. 
 
-A possible BSEC Joint Task Force should be linked with the 
maritime security project envisaged above. 
 
c) Border Defense: 
-Using the Border Defense Initiative (BDI) as an instrument 
to: 
Establish strong export and border control systems able to 
detect and combat WMD proliferation; 
 
Consolidate national legal framework for countering WMD 
proliferation; 
 
Fostering information exchange in the field of 
counter-proliferation and counterterrorism. 
d) Civil emergency planning: 
-Further development of the Black Sea Initiative for civil 
defense, which can help establish common procedures and 
mechanisms of civil emergency planning in order to 
facilitate our cooperation and rapid response to such 
situations in the Black See area, in a complementary manner 
with Blackseafor and BSEC. The value and effectiveness 
of EADRCC experience in this field should be further 
exploited in the benefit of this initiative. 
 
--Security sector reform (making full use of the PtP 
instruments): 
 
-Providing assistance to the Black Sea Partner states which 
have launched or affirmed intention to launch an Individual 
Partnership Action Plan with NATO (Georgia, Azerbaijan and 
Armenia); 
 
-Encouraging R. Moldova to develop an Individual Partnership 
Action Plan with NATO; 
 
-Exploring the possibility to establish a Black Sea 
Partnership Action Plan (PAP) focused on defense and security 
sector reform, as a contribution to PAP-DIB and in support of 
defense reforms in the regional Partner countries. Such a PAP 
can make use of existing expertise of 
the Black Sea allies and help coordinate and multiply 
bilateral assistance provided by NATO allies to the Partners 
in the region. 
 
END TEXT OF OUTLINE 
 
3.  (U) Amembassy Bucharest's reporting telegrams are 
available on the Bucharest SIPRNet website: 
www.state.sgov.gov/p/eur/bucharest 
CROUC H 

            
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